Multiple Use Water Services

Ethiopia- Assessment of the prevalence of parasite infections among children in Legedini

Working Title : Assessment of the prevalence of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia infections among children in Legedini, Adada and Legebira, Dire Dawa and Eastern Ethiopia

Abstract: Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum are two protozoan intestinal parasites responsible for many drinking water related disease outbreak in recent years. They are very resistant to conventional water treatment process, can persist for long time in the environment and are therefore a great concern for public health .The major transmission routes for Cryptosporidium and Giardia are associated with food and drinking water. In most developing countries including Ethiopia, there is a problem of getting pure drinking water. Peoples especially in rural area use different water sources such as surface water, ground water, contaminated lakes and swimming pools for drinking and for other domestic purposes; and hence they are at risk of waterborne giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis. It is most frequently found in children less than 15 years old. Since there is no standard treatment, development of drinking water project and reducing parasites concentration in water will reduce the incidence of infection and large waterborne giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis outbreaks .

Dawit has finished his thesis and was rated excellent (the highest rating possible at Addis Ababa University).

Thesis Dawit Ayalew.pdf 1.96 MB

Date: Dec 20, 2006