Zimbabwe - policies and institutional framework for multiple uses of water

Zimbabwe - policies and institutional framework for multiple uses of water

Title Zimbabwe - policies and institutional framework for multiple uses of water
Publication TypeStudy report
Year of PublicationSubmitted
AuthorsSmits FMakoni and
Publication Languageeng

This report analyzes implications for multiple-use water services of national policies and laws and the institutional framework for water services in Zimbabwe, both at national and intermediate level. This framework, in theory, would enable a multiple use approach at intermediate level, but does not actively promote it. This opportunity wasn't seized until recent innovations by the NGO sector.

Citation Key325
Full Text

The need for so-called multiple uses services has been made clear over the past years through an increasing body of literature, including from the Southern Africa region. In order to be able to follow a MUS approach at community level, an enabling environment of policies and institutions is needed both at intermediate and national level. Key elements of such an environment include policies which enable and promotevmultiple uses, coordination between sectors and levels and integrated financing streams. This report has tried to analyse that environment at national level in Zimbabwe.

Policies for water resources management are enabling a multiple use approach, though not actively promoting it. However, this opportunity hasn’t been seized by the domestic water supply or irrigation sector in the form of clear policies or guidelines on the development of water services for multiple purposes. In fact, a limited focus on
health only and rigid technology standards have in the past even limited the scope for multiple use services. Yet, within the same policy framework, NGOs have been able to innovate and develop broader livelihoods-based approaches and more appropriate technologies. At national level, coordination and especially sharing of lessons between NGOs holds the possibility to scale up the approach to other NGO programmes, and even government policies. Brining the approach down to district level will be more difficult, with coordination mechanisms at that level having collapsed or being inactive.