Costs and financing
In this note Hutton focusses on the conceptualization of Multiple-Use water Services (MUS) from the (health) economic perspective
Focus on potential multiple uses of water delivered for domestic purposes in rural South Africa. When dealing with local stakeholders in the valuation of water and in negotiations around water management, the multi-criteria analysis (MCA) can provide a more flexible and user friendly framework as alternative for CBA
This expert note provides some entry points on how to expand the work around MUS as an approach -including its conceptualization, working models, and implementation - from a cost-benefit perspective.
This working paper introduces the concept of service levels grouped into ladders as a way of differentiating between broad and recognizable types (levels) of service.
This presentation by Trinh Ngoc Lan highlights how multiple-uses of water can be made visible in large irrigation systems and addressed in the management of these.
This presentation by Marna de Lange looks at the costs and benefits of rainwater harvesting from a MUS perspective in South Africa.
In this presentation Zemede Abebe and Marieke Adank look into the incremental costs and benefits of different pathways of developing MUS in Ethiopia.
In this presentation attention is drawn to the outcomes of the Gates funded study on Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor: Assessing the State of Knowledge. The incremental costs for upgrading a system to climb the MUS service ladder were compared with the incremental benefits.
Introduction to the discussion points of the expert day. Setting the stage and agreeing on definitions. How can cost benefit analysis provide a good evidence base for promoting MUS.
Sustained access to water in low- and middle-income countries is crucial for domestic use (drinking, personal hygiene, etc.) and is also an imperative for people's livelihoods, income-generating activities and small-scale enterprise (e.g. livestock, horticulture, irrigation, fisheries, brickmaking, and othes). Overall, this book exposes the detrimental effects and impacts of approaching water services in isolated ways -- where the continued practise of separating community water services between domestic use and livelihoods have done little in alleviating poverty.
Noting that the design and management of most water services fail to reflect the 'real-life' use of water, the essay contributions to this book suggest a multiple-use water services (MUS) approach in meeting people's dual water needs. The contributions to this book are drawn from an action research project that explores water systems in eight countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa, Thailand and Zimbabwe). Known as the action research project ‘ Models for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity’, the findings of the research study is a collective product of engagement amongst 150 institutions worldwide.
This book shows how livelihoods act as the main driver for water services and how access to water is determined by sustainable water resources, appropriate technologies and equitable ways of managing communal systems.
Climbing the water ladder requires a small fraction of total water resources, yet has the potential to help people climb out of poverty. Local government can be the pivot to make this happen. But, it needs support to implement its mandate to meet multiple-use demand and to become more accountable to people in communities.
This book is a joint publication by IWMI, CPWF and IRC.
Below is a link to the PDF version or you order a hard-copy version here.