Costs and financing

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  MUS in large irrigation systems.

This document, developed by the FAO, presents the conceptual and practical approaches proposed for auditing multiple services in large irrigation systems. It is called MASSMUS, which stands for Mapping System and Services for Multiple Uses of Water Services.

It is a step-by-step progressive process that starts with a rapid appraisal procedure (RAP), then proceeds with further steps related to capacity, water balance, cost and development of a vision, and the design of interventions to modernize the management set up and operation techniques. Some adaptation to the specific function and constraints, inputs and outputs for MUS has been made where necessary.

An important aspect of the MASSMUS approach for auditing water services to irrigation systems is the reference for benefits, which is associated to each type of service. Generally references for irrigated agriculture are clear and reliable: yields and water entering the command area (CA) and water used by crops during evapotranspiration are reasonably well known. The benefits of irrigation are often taken to be the monetary value of the total yield throughout the CA.

Livestock watering is one of the most widespread productive uses of water in multi-purpose water supply systems in Ethiopia. At the same time, livestock may increase degradation of grazing lands threatening water resources.

The impacts of improved water supply on livestock productivity may be high, and combined with watershed management measures that restrict free grazing, livestock management practices may be strongly affected.

The case study is part of the MUStRAIN case study series in which the uptake of Multiple Use Services (MUS) in different contexts within Ethiopia is being documented. The case studies analyse cost-benefit relations as well as opportunities and challenges for implementation of MUS.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Ethiopia: Addressing livestock needs in Multiple-Use water Services.
[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Nepal: rainwater harvesting lessons learnt in relation to multiple-use.

This research report, by BNP, seeks to assess the possibilities and limitations of using RWH for drinking water, biogas and irrigation and identity the possibilities and limitations of combining these different uses. Specifically, it seeks to:

  • Assess the water use practices and water needs with respect to different purposes in rural households presently challenged with water scarcity to identify the need for rainwater harvesting for MUS
  • Identify the effectiveness of combining roof water harvesting systems with surface runoff systems for MUS
  • Analyse financial and economic aspects and impacts of MUS from rainwater harvesting systems
  • Test the combination of Ferro-cement tanks with “1 bag cement” systems and plastic ponds
[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge : annexes.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge : final report.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge : executive summary of the study.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

[Anonymous].  2008.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Below the executive summary, the full report and the annexes can be downloaded

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Nepal: evaluation of a MUS system in the Nepali middle hills.

This MSc internship report provides an evaluation of a MUS system, developed by IDE, in Phulbari village in the Nepali middle hills. Specifically it evaluates the performance of the technology and assesses the benefits for the farmers, using IDE‘s definition of impact. It shows that cost-recovery of the system is one year; in such a short time enough benefit can be generated through vegetable production to recover the investment costs. In addition, it reports on improved intra-household equity. One of the points of improvement is the strengthening of water user committees for MUS.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Nepal - cost effectiveness of MUS.

This thesis by Pragya Shrestha aims to analyse MUS in terms of its cost effectiveness in domestic water supply services and conduct poverty impact analysis, taking a case study of Nepal. The study provides evidence of the very positive cost-effectiveness, as well as of other livelihood benefits, such as increase in saving and credit groups, getting access to luxury items, initiating other income generating activities and having better access to high-value food such as fresh vegetables. It concludes that MUS is not only a financially profitable investment, but is also beneficial in terms of social development. There is a high potential for the MUS in countries like Nepal, if its challenges are addressed.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Wichelns - mus_note_100205.

A preliminary view of the Multiple Use Services (MUS) perspective pertaining to water sector investments

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