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[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Nepal: Multiple Use Water Services Scoping Study.

Global MUS innovation is most advanced in Nepal. In the middle hills, two robust MUS modalities have been conceptualized and implemented at certain scale. Two other potentials for scaling MUS were identified that need to be explored in further depth. Opportunities and barriers for each of these four entry points are identified and discussed. Scaling pathways to overcome these are also described in this report.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Tanzania: scoping study for MUS.

This study assesses the barriers and potentials for scaling MUS in Tanzania. It identifies pathways to overcome the water sector’s compartmentalization according to single water uses. Interviews with key stakeholders and literature review identified significant potentials for scaling MUS in Tanzania from five entry points. As MUS is about cross-sectoral dialogue and gradual change from many entry points that all contribute to an overall vision, it is proposed to implement these changes through a national MUS learning alliance of key stakeholders, including development partners.  

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  India: Scaling up community-based MUS through MG-NREGA.

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of the Government of India provides a legal guarantee for 100 days of employment per year to adult members of any rural household willing to undertake public works at the prescribed minimum wages. Studies suggest that well over half of the assets created under Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MG-NREGS) are water-related and that while a significant proportion among these were possibly designed for single-use but de facto multiple use structures. Given its emphasis on decentralized, participatory planning processes, MG-NREGS may be viewed as the world’s largest laboratory for community-based MUS. This country-report focuses on exploring investment opportunities for the Rockefeller Foundation in the context of scaling up community-based MUS through MG-NREGS.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Guidelines for planning and providing multiple-use water services.

The guidelines, compiled by the MUS Group with support from IFAD and SDC, give step-by-step guidance on planning and providing multiple-use water services and on creating an enabling environment at intermediate and national level. It includes a reference guide to tools that can be used by organisations supporting and facilitating the provision of multiple-use water services in various context from different entry-points.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge : annexes.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge : final report.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge : executive summary of the study.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

[Anonymous].  2008.  Global: Multiple Use Water Services for the Poor; Assessing the State of Knowledge.

The purpose of this study was to guide prospective investments in the water sector by

  • assessing the relative costs, benefits and poverty impacts of multiple-use approaches over single-use approaches
  • evaluating the potential market for multiple-use approaches focusing on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

The study findings suggest that while multiple-use services cost more than single-use services, they do offer significant advantages in that they have greater potential to:

  • generate more income and benefits
  • decrease vulnerability
  • more effectively reduce poverty
  • Increase sustainability of services

The estimated potential beneficiaries from multiple use investments according this studies is over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Below the executive summary, the full report and the annexes can be downloaded

In 2011 the Rockefeller Foundation is conducting a Search on Multiple-use water Services to explore opportunities to expand MUS as a potential future investment for the Foundation to help create better health outcomes and generate income based on improved water service delivery. This exploration focuses on understanding the barriers that limit the scaling of MUS, their comparative importance, and possible approaches to overcoming challenges and supporting opportunities for scaling. Understanding these barriers will help the MUS community develop a theory of change to scale the MUS approach.  In turn, this will help the Rockefeller Foundation better understand the potential for impact, the preconditions as well as the pathways for impact which further investments in a MUS approach might enable. This Search includes the following four components. See: http://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/what-we-do/work-exploration

1. Winrock International and IDEO are developing MUS working models and prototypes.

2. The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and International Water and Sanitation Center (IRC) with national partners are undertaking country studies to identify barriers and potentials for scaling MUS. The selected countries with highest potentials for scaling MUS are: India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania. Three main scaling pathways are examined: domestic-plus, irrigation-plus, and community-based MUS approaches.

3. The JHU Global Water Program organized a conference in Bellagio, Italy, on behalf of the Rockefeller Foundation from August 29th to September 1st, 2011.  By convening leading experts in water and related fields, this conference identified opportunities for accelerating, sustainable, people-centered integrated water services for the poor. Recognizing that compartmentalized approaches to water management are grossly ineffective, barriers and opportunities were identified to shifting the paradigm in the water sector from a single use development context to a multiple use context.  A forthcoming Bellagio statement will be published in leading academic journals and on the web. See: http://globalwater.jhu.edu/magazine/article/accelerating_sustainable_people_centered_integrated_water_services_for_the_/

4. On 13 and 14 October, the Pacific Institute, Oakland, organized a MUS Convening, supported by the Rockefeller Foundation. Thirty participants from 11 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, USA and elsewhere with extensive experience in the field of water and communities, developed recommendations to make the MUS framework a more robust and sustainable approach, so that it: ensures equity, protects the environment, builds climate resilience, incorporates sanitation and public health, and is designed for long-term success to improve the lives of the poorest communities. The workshop identified lists of mechanisms and challenges to render MUS project implementation more robust, ‘successful’ and accountable. Gaps in our current understanding of MUS were identified as well as ideas for a concept note on moving MUS forward in the next year.

The findings of these initiatives will be presented at a meeting on 11-13 January in New York, which will allow the Foundation to decide on further steps.

[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Global: Rockefeller Foundation Search on MUS.
[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Honduras: guidelines for planning, designing and implementation of MUS systems.

This guide, developed in partnership between IRC and RAS-HON (Water and Sanitation Network of Honduras), presents guidelines for the planning, design and implementation of MUS systems in Honduras. It has been developed and tested in the context of a pilot MUS programme, consisting of 6 MUS systems in the Department of La Paz. Lessons from these pilot systems have been taken up in these guidelines. The guides consist of a conceptual introduction to MUS in the context of Honduras, a series of steps in planning MUS systems and tools that may help in this process.

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